56个 PHP 开发常用代码片段(中)

2018年01月08日 1.37k 次阅读 0 条评论 0 人点赞
20. 数据库连接 连接 MySQL 数据库
21. 目录清单 使用下面的 PHP 代码片段可以在一个目录中列出所有文件和文件夹
function list_files($dir)
{
if(is_dir($dir))
{
if($handle = opendir($dir))
{
while(($file = readdir($handle)) !== false)
{
if($file != "." && $file != ".." && $file != "Thumbs.db"/*pesky windows, images..*/)
{
echo ''.$file.''."\n";
}
}
closedir($handle);
}
}
}
语法:
22. 检测用户语言 使用下面的 PHP 代码片段可以检测用户浏览器所使用的语言
function get_client_language($availableLanguages, $default='en'){
if (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'])) {
$langs=explode(',',$_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE']);
foreach ($langs as $value){
$choice=substr($value,0,2);
if(in_array($choice, $availableLanguages)){
return $choice;
}
}
} 
return $default;
}
23查看 CSV 文件
function readCSV($csvFile){
$file_handle = fopen($csvFile, 'r');
while (!feof($file_handle) ) {
$line_of_text[] = fgetcsv($file_handle, 1024);
}
fclose($file_handle);
return $line_of_text;
}
语法:
24从 PHP 数据创建 CSV 文件
function generateCsv($data, $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"') {
$handle = fopen('php://temp', 'r+');
foreach ($data as $line) {
fputcsv($handle, $line, $delimiter, $enclosure);
}
rewind($handle);
while (!feof($handle)) {
$contents .= fread($handle, 8192);
}
fclose($handle);
return $contents;
}
语法:
25. 解析 XML 数据
$xml_string="


ben
A


h2o
K

";

//load the xml string using simplexml function
$xml = simplexml_load_string($xml_string);

//loop through the each node of molecule
foreach ($xml->molecule as $record)
{
//attribute are accessted by
echo $record['name'], ' ';
//node are accessted by -> operator
echo $record->symbol, ' ';
echo $record->code, '';
}
26. 解析 JSON 数据
$json_string='{"id":1,"name":"rolf","country":"russia","office":["google","oracle"]} ';
$obj=json_decode($json_string);
//print the parsed data
echo $obj->name; //displays rolf
echo $obj->office[0]; //displays google
27. 获取当前页面 URL 这个 PHP 片段可以帮助你让用户登录后直接跳转到之前浏览的页面
function current_url()
{
$url = "http://" . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
$validURL = str_replace("&", "&", $url);
return validURL;
}
语法:
28. 从任意的 Twitter 账号获取最新的 Tweet
function my_twitter($username) 
{
$no_of_tweets = 1;
$feed = "http://search.twitter.com/search.atom?q=from:" . $username . "&rpp=" . $no_of_tweets;
$xml = simplexml_load_file($feed);
foreach($xml->children() as $child) {
foreach ($child as $value) {
if($value->getName() == "link") $link = $value['href'];
if($value->getName() == "content") {
$content = $value . "";
echo '

'.$content.'

'; } } } }
语法:
29. 转发数量 使用这个 PHP 片段可以检测你的页面 URL 有多少转发数量
function tweetCount($url) {
$content = file_get_contents("http://api.tweetmeme.com/url_info?url=".$url);
$element = new SimpleXmlElement($content);
$retweets = $element->story->url_count;
if($retweets){
return $retweets;
} else {
return 0;
}
}
语法:
30. 计算两个日期的差
diff($date2);
echo "difference " . $interval->y . " years, " . $interval->m." months, ".$interval->d." days "; 
// shows the total amount of days (not divided into years, months and days like above)
echo "difference " . $interval->days . " days ";
-------------------------------------------------------- OR

/**
* Calculate differences between two dates with precise semantics. Based on PHPs DateTime::diff()
* implementation by Derick Rethans. Ported to PHP by Emil H, 2011-05-02. No rights reserved.
* 
* See here for original code:
* http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/trunk/ext/date/lib/tm2unixtime.c?revision=302890&view=markup
* http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/trunk/ext/date/lib/interval.c?revision=298973&view=markup
*/
function _date_range_limit($start, $end, $adj, $a, $b, $result)
{
if ($result[$a] < $start) {
$result[$b] -= intval(($start - $result[$a] - 1) / $adj) + 1;
$result[$a] += $adj * intval(($start - $result[$a] - 1) / $adj + 1);
}
if ($result[$a] >= $end) {
$result[$b] += intval($result[$a] / $adj);
$result[$a] -= $adj * intval($result[$a] / $adj);
}
return $result;
}
function _date_range_limit_days($base, $result)
{
$days_in_month_leap = array(31, 31, 29, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31);
$days_in_month = array(31, 31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31);
_date_range_limit(1, 13, 12, "m", "y", &$base);
$year = $base["y"];
$month = $base["m"];
if (!$result["invert"]) {
while ($result["d"] < 0) {
$month--;
if ($month < 1) {
$month += 12;
$year--;
}
$leapyear = $year % 400 == 0 || ($year % 100 != 0 && $year % 4 == 0);
$days = $leapyear ? $days_in_month_leap[$month] : $days_in_month[$month];
$result["d"] += $days;
$result["m"]--;
}
} else {
while ($result["d"] < 0) {
$leapyear = $year % 400 == 0 || ($year % 100 != 0 && $year % 4 == 0);
$days = $leapyear ? $days_in_month_leap[$month] : $days_in_month[$month];
$result["d"] += $days;
$result["m"]--;
$month++;
if ($month > 12) {
$month -= 12;
$year++;
}
}
}
return $result;
}
function _date_normalize($base, $result)
{
$result = _date_range_limit(0, 60, 60, "s", "i", $result);
$result = _date_range_limit(0, 60, 60, "i", "h", $result);
$result = _date_range_limit(0, 24, 24, "h", "d", $result);
$result = _date_range_limit(0, 12, 12, "m", "y", $result);
$result = _date_range_limit_days(&$base, &$result);
$result = _date_range_limit(0, 12, 12, "m", "y", $result);
return $result;
}
/**
* Accepts two unix timestamps.
*/
function _date_diff($one, $two)
{
$invert = false;
if ($one > $two) {
list($one, $two) = array($two, $one);
$invert = true;
}
$key = array("y", "m", "d", "h", "i", "s");
$a = array_combine($key, array_map("intval", explode(" ", date("Y m d H i s", $one))));
$b = array_combine($key, array_map("intval", explode(" ", date("Y m d H i s", $two))));
$result = array();
$result["y"] = $b["y"] - $a["y"];
$result["m"] = $b["m"] - $a["m"];
$result["d"] = $b["d"] - $a["d"];
$result["h"] = $b["h"] - $a["h"];
$result["i"] = $b["i"] - $a["i"];
$result["s"] = $b["s"] - $a["s"];
$result["invert"] = $invert ? 1 : 0;
$result["days"] = intval(abs(($one - $two)/86400));
if ($invert) {
_date_normalize(&$a, &$result);
} else {
_date_normalize(&$b, &$result);
}
return $result;
}
$date = "2014-12-04 19:37:22";
echo '
';
print_r( _date_diff( strtotime($date), time() ) );
echo '
'; ?>
31. 删除文件夹内容
function Delete($path)
{
if (is_dir($path) === true)
{
$files = array_diff(scandir($path), array('.', '..'));
foreach ($files as $file)
{
Delete(realpath($path) . '/' . $file);
}
return rmdir($path);
}
else if (is_file($path) === true)
{
return unlink($path);
}
return false;
}
语法:
32. 搜索和高亮字符串中的关键字
function highlighter_text($text, $words)
{
$split_words = explode( " " , $words );
foreach($split_words as $word)
{
$color = "#4285F4";
$text = preg_replace("|($word)|Ui" ,
"$1" , $text );
}
return $text;
}
语法:
33. 写入文件
34. 根据 URL 下载图片
function imagefromURL($image,$rename)
{
$ch = curl_init($image);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER,1);
$rawdata=curl_exec ($ch);
curl_close ($ch);
$fp = fopen("$rename",'w');
fwrite($fp, $rawdata); 
fclose($fp);
}
语法:
35. 检测 URL 是否有效
function isvalidURL($url)
{
$check = 0;
if (filter_var($url, FILTER_VALIDATE_URL) !== false) {
$check = 1;
}
return $check;
}
语法:
36. 生成二维码
function qr_code($data, $type = "TXT", $size ='150', $ec='L', $margin='0') 
{
$types = array("URL" =--> "http://", "TEL" => "TEL:", "TXT"=>"", "EMAIL" => "MAILTO:");
if(!in_array($type,array("URL", "TEL", "TXT", "EMAIL")))
{
$type = "TXT";
}
if (!preg_match('/^'.$types[$type].'/', $data))
{
$data = str_replace("\\", "", $types[$type]).$data;
}
$ch = curl_init();
$data = urlencode($data);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://chart.apis.google.com/chart');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, 'chs='.$size.'x'.$size.'&cht=qr&chld='.$ec.'|'.$margin.'&chl='.$data);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, false);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
$response = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);
return $response;
}
语法:
37. 计算两个地图坐标之间的距离
function getDistanceBetweenPointsNew($latitude1, $longitude1, $latitude2, $longitude2) {
$theta = $longitude1 - $longitude2;
$miles = (sin(deg2rad($latitude1)) * sin(deg2rad($latitude2))) + (cos(deg2rad($latitude1)) * cos(deg2rad($latitude2)) * cos(deg2rad($theta)));
$miles = acos($miles);
$miles = rad2deg($miles);
$miles = $miles * 60 * 1.1515;
$feet = $miles * 5280;
$yards = $feet / 3;
$kilometers = $miles * 1.609344;
$meters = $kilometers * 1000;
return compact('miles','feet','yards','kilometers','meters'); 
}
语法:
 40.770623, 'long' => -73.964367);
$point2 = array('lat' => 40.758224, 'long' => -73.917404);
$distance = getDistanceBetweenPointsNew($point1['lat'], $point1['long'], $point2['lat'], $point2['long']);
foreach ($distance as $unit => $value) {
echo $unit.': '.number_format($value,4).'';
}
?>
38. 获取一个特定话题标签的所有 Tweets
function getTweets($hash_tag) {
$url = 'http://search.twitter.com/search.atom?q='.urlencode($hash_tag) ;
echo "

Connecting to $url ...

"; $ch = curl_init($url); curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, TRUE); $xml = curl_exec ($ch); curl_close ($ch); //If you want to see the response from Twitter, uncomment this next part out: //echo "

Response:

"; //echo "
".htmlspecialchars($xml)."
"; $affected = 0; $twelement = new SimpleXMLElement($xml); foreach ($twelement->entry as $entry) { $text = trim($entry->title); $author = trim($entry->author->name); $time = strtotime($entry->published); $id = $entry->id; echo "

Tweet from ".$author.": ".$text." Posted ".date('n/j/y g:i a',$time)."

"; } return true ; }
39. 添加 th,st,nd 或者 rd 作为数字的后缀
//Friday the 13th
function ordinal($cdnl){ 
$test_c = abs($cdnl) % 10; 
$ext = ((abs($cdnl) %100 < 21 && abs($cdnl) %100 > 4) ? 'th'
: (($test_c < 4) ? ($test_c < 3) ? ($test_c < 2) ? ($test_c < 1) 
? 'th' : 'st' : 'nd' : 'rd' : 'th')); 
return $cdnl.$ext; 
}
语法:
40. 限制文件下载的速度
 20,5 kb/s)
$download_rate = 20.5; 
if(file_exists($local_file) && is_file($local_file)) {
// send headers
header('Cache-control: private');
header('Content-Type: application/octet-stream'); 
header('Content-Length: '.filesize($local_file));
header('Content-Disposition: filename='.$download_file);

// flush content
flush(); 
// open file stream
$file = fopen($local_file, "r"); 
while(!feof($file)) {

// send the current file part to the browser
print fread($file, round($download_rate * 1024));

// flush the content to the browser
flush();

// sleep one second
sleep(1); 
}

// close file stream
fclose($file);}
else {
die('Error: The file '.$local_file.' does not exist!');
}
?>
 

作为一个真正的程序员,首先应该尊重编程,热爱你所写下的程序,他是你的伙伴,而不是工具。

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